How to Compost at Home

How to Compost at Home

 

Sustainability isn't just about reducing plastic and driving less. The food you eat and what you do with leftovers is also really important. And this is where composting comes in. Composting is one of those things that is an absolute win-win! It's great for your garden by providing good nutrients and saves you money since you don't have to buy fertiliser. It also reduces transport emissions and keeps organic matter out of landfills where there is no oxygen to aid the breakdown process. No oxygen means that organics produce methane, a greenhouse gas that is significantly more harmful than carbon dioxide. 

While the benefits of composting are clear just remember that the first course of action is to always avoid waste in the first place and use food scraps where ever possible. There will, however, always be a bit of waste left over so below I'll detail the process of two composting methods: compost bins and worm farms.

Compost Bins 

These are a great option if you have a property with a backyard and a shady place to put it.


1. Once you've found a good spot you can start filling your bin. This is best to be done in layers that alternate between moist and dry materials. Moist materials include things like food scraps and tea bags while dry materials would be garden waste, straw and wood ashes.

2. If you choose to, you can add manure at this stage to speed up the process of breaking down organic materials. 

3. Your compost is now set up! From this point onward it should be kept moist (not wet) and should be covered to retain moisture and heat. 

4. When adding new materials mix them through the mixture rather than layering them as you did when setting it up. 

5. Every few weeks it should be aerated with a shovel. This can be done by turning the soil throughout. If you don't like the idea of turning the soil yourself there are compost tumblers that are designed to do this turning for you.

6. Keep an eye on it and when it becomes dark and crumbly it can be used as mulch in your garden or for pot plants. 


If you're not keen on a bin, you can just do this directly on the ground as a compost heap, it just won't be as easily contained!

   

Worm Farms 

The next option is to use a worm farm. These are great if you have little or no outdoor space.  

1. Buy a worm farm - or if you're feeling particularly crafty feel free to build one yourself! 

2. Buy the worms! It's best to start with 1000 (I know it sounds like a lot but that is the right number) and go for red wrigglers or tiger worms. These can be found at nurseries or hardware stores. 

3. Line the tray with moist paper and distribute with your chosen bedding and the worms. Bedding options include shredded cardboard or unbleached paper, wood chips, garden waste or aged horse or cow manure. 

4. Cover your worm farm with more moist paper and leave them for a week to settle in before feeding them. 

 

What To Put in Your Compost Bin or Worm Farm

What you can put into worm farms and composts varies slightly so check out the table below if you're ever unsure! 

Compost | Worm Farm | Sustainable Living

 

At Zozi we don't just want to encourage sustainability through fashion, but in all aspects of life. Composting is a great way to do this! 

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